New in version 0.27.0.


Signal support is provided by the excellent blinker library. If you wish to enable signal support this library must be installed, though it is not required for nailgun to function.


The nailgun signals are provided by blinker_herald module and offers the same features as blinker.

Signals are found within the nailgun.signals module. The first positional argument of a signal handler is always sender which is a reference to the caller object (self). Each kind of signal receives a different set of arguments but the recommendation is to implement the handlers in form of: def listener(sender, **kwargs) as all the arguments will be named depending on the signal.


Post-signals are only called if there were no exceptions raised during the processing of their related function.

Available signals include:

Called within create() prior to performing any actions. Handler named arguments: create_missing
Called within create() after all actions have completed successfully. Handler named arguments: entity
Called within delete() prior to attempting the delete operation. Handler named arguments: synchronous
Called within delete() upon successful deletion of the record. Handler named arguments: synchronous and result
Called within update() prior to attempting the update operation. Handler named arguments: fields
Called within update() upon successful update of the record. Handler named arguments: fields and entity
Called within search() prior to attempting the search operation. Handler named arguments: fields, query and filters
Called within search() upon successful search and before returning the results. Handler named arguments: fields, query and filters and entities

Attaching Events

A handler (also called listener) is a function like the following:

def set_domain_to_all_entities(sender, **kwargs):
    sender.domain = ""

The first argument is always the sender which defaults to the self or cls of the caller. Note that handlers can accept only one positional argument, all the others arguments must be named or captured by the **kwargs also note that signal_emitter argument will always be passed to handlers to keep a reference to caller object in the cases where sender argument is explicitly specified in the caller.


NOTE: Always end your handler signature with **kwargs to capture all possible arguments otherwise signals will fail if new arguments added to emitter function.

You attach the event handler to a signal that will be emitted to all entities in general:

from nailgun import signals

Everytime the .create method is called the all the connected handlers will be called by signaling and any kind of manipulation can be performed.


If your handler meant to deal only with a specific type of entity you’ll need to inspect its instance type. if isinstance(sender, entities.Organization) otherwise the action will be performed for all types of entities. Or use a specific sender and connect using .connect_via() decorator os specifying sender while connecting.

Finally, you can also use signals as decorators to quickly create a number of signals handlers and attach them:

from nailgun import entities, signals

def post_create_handler(sender, entity):
    if isinstance(entity, entities.Organization):
        # do something in post create only for Organizations